New ways to dual apprenticeship - Heterogeneity as an opportunity to secure skilled labour (DualAzubi)

Funding information


Project duration: 01.03.2011 – 28.02.2014

Project concept

Initial situation

In the course of demographic development, with a decreasing number of school leavers, a significant reduction in the demand for in-company training places is to be expected. Experts and representatives of the business community have therefore increasingly warned of an impending shortage of skilled workers in companies, especially SMEs. At the same time, an increasing heterogeneity of trainees, especially with regard to age structure, migration background and previous education, has been noted.

Target groups and their benefits

The pilot project is aimed at SMEs and in particular at in-company training staff, who are sensitised to dealing with an increasingly heterogeneous trainee population and supported by suitable approaches, especially with the aim of finding suitable young people for in-company training places and minimising training drop-outs and failures. Furthermore, young people in the phase of their vocational orientation and career choice should be better prepared than before, among other things with the help of vocational orientation measures in the transition system.

Project goal

The aim of the pilot project is to support the supply of skilled workers to the economy and to promote the vocational integration of as many young people as possible. Based on the funding guidelines, 18 pilot projects were selected from the 125 project outlines submitted, which began their work in 2011 and successfully concluded their work in 2014. The pilot projects are scientifically monitored and evaluated.

Role of ISOB

ISOB provides support in the accompanying scientific research and in the scientific evaluation of the pilot project in the form of the published study "New Pathways to Dual Training - Heterogeneity as an Opportunity for Securing Skilled Workers: Results, Conclusion and Recommendations".

Products and planned publications

  • Developing training markets, in particular promoting the attractiveness of the dual system of vocational training
  • Further development of in-company vocational orientation and vocational preparation through greater involvement of young people
  • External training management or assisted training as well as counselling and support for companies in all training issues that affect them, including clarifying training needs, ensuring training success
  • Qualification of education and training staff
  • Networking, improving communication and cooperation to promote the smoothest possible transition from school to VET
  • Structural improvements for integrative dual training through the strategic networking of actors in general education and vocational schools, in training companies, chambers, guilds, with training service providers as well as with employment agencies and job centres, business associations and social partners



  • Germany (Project coordination): Bundesinstitut für Berufsbildung (BiBB)
  • Germany: Forschungsgruppe SALSS
  • Germany: Institut für Berufs- und Betriebspädagogik der Otto-von-Guericke-Universität, Magdeburg
We will be happy to provide you with the project results on request. For further information, please contact our Team.